It seems appropriate that the hero Superman was dubbed as the Man of Steel because steel is known for its strength. This is just one of the many characteristics of steel that makes it an ideal and even a sought after material in the construction industry.
Most designers and builders today choose steel for the following reasons:
Steel is a reliable and predictable building material. Because the steel components are manufactured and fabricated under strict monitoring in a controlled environment, one can be assured of its excellent quality than concrete. Also, the strength of steel products are already tested during production whereas for concrete, its strength can be confirmed when the material is already in place within the structure.
Because it is possible to build slender columns with steel, floor space can be maximized and a longer span is possible. This would leave free spaces to allow integration of HVAC (Heat, Ventilation and Air Conditioning) systems into the structure making possible the reduction of floor-to-floor heights.
Steel is sustainable. The use of steel in building constructions conserves our forest reserves since there is no need to cut down trees for lumber and our water reserve. The only water used is the make-up water added in the recycling process. Yes, steel is recyclable. This means that there is a minimal amount of waste materials in building constructions.
Not only is steel recyclable but is also modifiable. If there is a need in the future for a building made up of steel to improve loading conditions, vertical expansions or renovate as desired by its owner, it steel structure can be modified.
Since steel is prefabricated in a controlled environment, its production is not obstructed by weather conditions unlike in field placed materials. This allows speed of construction productivity.
Architects are particularly excited with the use of steel for its aesthetic appeal. The versatility of steel gives architects more freedom of expression in their design of steel structures. With the use of steel, they can emphasize the natural beauty of the material in slender but strong transparent frames. They can also use colored coatings for highlighting and effect. Steel can also be bent or rolled so as to create shapes and non linear structures for more aesthetic effects. They can create even their most ambitious projects with the use of steel.
Finally, prefabricated steel remains the most cost-effective solution to building constructions as compared to concrete and lumber plus with steel, owners need not be bothered with maintenance and termite infestation.